- Hemodialysis centers
- Auto-dialysis centers
- Blood transfusion clinics
Medical and biohazardous waste
Hemodialysis centers, like other health care facilities, generate medical waste of a varying nature:
- Hazardous waste:
- Infectious waste (biohazardous)
- Radioactive waste
- Chemical/toxic waste
- Non-hazardous waste, related to municipal solid waste (MSW)
Each provider must implement a waste treatment procedure for handing the various types of waste generated. Therefore, it is important to segregate waste after care or a medical intervention has been performed.
In particular, implementing a waste segregation and disposal procedure for biohazardous waste is essential in preventing nosocomial infections (health care-associated infections).
The rate at which biohazardous waste is generated varies in hemodialysis centers and depends on the number of patients treated as well as the quality of segregation at the facility.
What type of waste is produced by hemodialysis centers?
Biohazardous waste originating from hemodialysis centers comes essentially from the care provided to patients with kidney failure during treatment.
Hemodialysis centers generate biohazardous waste of a varying nature:
- Hemodialysis waste: dialyzer filters, circuits, connections, etc.
- Contaminated single-use material: drapes, gauzes, compresses, bandages, etc.
- Personal protection equipment: gloves, gowns, tapes, coveralls, goggles, masks, caps, shoe covers, etc.
- Contaminated sharps: needles, syringes, scalpels, lancets, blades, slides, etc.
- Single-use care kits (including small plastic or metal instruments)
- Single-use surgical instruments
- Plastic or glass lab consumables: Petri dishes, test tubes, collection tubes, pipettes, etc.
- Liquid biohazardous waste or waste containing fluids
Specific nature of biohazardous waste in hemodialysis centers
In general, medical waste in hemodialysis environments is packaged in bags (that may be autoclaved or not), in biohazardous waste containers or drums.
Segregating and managing this waste satisfactorily is paramount. At these facilities, the quantity of biohazardous waste and the diversity in the number of people through its doors (patients, health care professionals, visitors) means that the biological risk must be controlled, not only for its people and the environment, but also to prevent cross-contamination and nosocomial infections.
- Solid and liquid biohazardous waste treatment
- Shredding and decontamination stages in the same equipment
- Solid waste physically transformed (shredding)
- Decontamination by autoclave (steam sterilization at 135 °C/275 °F)
- Steam penetrates the waste core thanks to prior shredding
- Complete treatment cycle in 30 min
- Weight/volume of waste to dispose significantly reduced
- Easily installed on-site